Tantalum is a hard, blue-gray transition metal that occurs in nature in the mineral columbite-tantalite (coltan). It is a member of the refractory metals group and is highly resistant to corrosion. It is also highly unreactive with most acids, except hydrofluoric acid.
It is an important material in several industries and has become increasingly popular in the 21st century. It is often used in high-melting-point alloys that can withstand the heat of furnaces.
In the medical field, tantalum is used to create implants that help restore lost bone following surgery. It is a versatile material that is gaining recognition in the orthopedic world.
Surgical implants made of this metal are known to provide more osteogenic potential than titanium fiber mesh and have been shown to reduce periprosthetic bone loss following THA. This is likely due to the higher coefficient of friction of a porous tantalum surface.
This conductive material is fabricated into various wire shapes, which are then welded together to form mesh. Its strength and ductility make it a good choice for many applications.
Copper is a soft, malleable, conductive metal that is commonly used to manufacture wire mesh. It has excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, is ductile, and is abrasion-resistant.
Brass is a copper-and-zinc alloy that has many similar properties to copper. It is a popular material for forming wire mesh because it has excellent tensile strength, abrasion resistance, and corrosion-resistance.
Stainless steel is another common metal utilized to make wire mesh. It is inexpensive, lightweight, ductile, and strong.